In education, a transcript is an inventory of the courses taken and grades earned of a student alleged throughout a course.
In United States education, a transcript (Cumulative Record File, CRF, Permanent Record, or simply Record) is a copy of a student’s permanent academic record which usually means all courses taken, all grades received, all honors received and degrees conferred to a student. A transcript may also contain the number of people in a class, and the average grade of the class. An official transcript is prepared and sent by the issuing school (usually by the Student Registrary or an equivalent) with an original signature of a school official. When students are thinking about changing schools, the cumulative transcripts usually get mailed from school to school. Transcripts usually consist of grades 9-12 when applying to colleges.
In the European ECTS system, transcripts are called Transcript of Records (ToR), and are used to document the performance of a student over a…